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    ezanın ingilizcesi

    Muslim prayer

    Five times a day a Muslim is bound to perform the Salaah, the fixed ritual of the Islamic prayer – worship. He should properly go to the nearest mosque to offer his prayers together with the whole congregation. Each of the five periods is preceded by the adhaan (or azaan – ezan as it is more commonly called). The muezzin (mu’adh-dhin in Arabic) calls out on each occasion:

    Allaabu Akbar (four times – “Allah is Most Great”).
    Ash’hadu an laa ilaaha illallaah (twice – “I bear witness that there is no god but Allah“).
    Ash’hadu anna Muhammadar-rasulullaah (twice – “I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah“).
    Haya ‘alas-salaah (twice – “Come to prayer”).
    Ilaya ‘alal falaah (twice – “Come to the good;’).
    Allaaku Akbar (twice – “Allah is Most Great”).
    Laa ilaaha illallaah (once – “There is no god but Allah“). Click here to listenListen to Ezan (.wav format, 1Mb)

    After the call to the good during the Fajr prayer (just before dawn), the crier calls out twice: “Prayer is better than sleep”. Then follows the actual performance of prayer itself in which anything between two or four rituals (each one known as a rak’ah – a “bowing”) are performed. The worshipper begins with the qiyam, the standing posture. He raises his hands to his ears and then folds them, right over left, upon his breast. Following this is the ruku in which he bows down and places his hands on his knees, thereafter returning to the standing position. Then comes the sajdah (secde), the prostration of the whole body on the ground. This is performed twice with a brief sitting in between. He then comes back to the sitting position, the qa’dah and passes the greeting as-salaamu alaykum wa rahmatullah – “peace on you and the mercy of Allah“. It is known as the taslim and it is said that the worshipper is greeting his fellow Muslims (though some say he is greeting two angels who sit on his shoulders recording his good and bad deeds).

    In between these postures various expressions and passages of the Qur’an (especially the Suratul- Fatihah) are recited. These include the takbir (“Allah is Most Great”), the tahmid from the Fatiha (“Praise be to Allah“), the tahlil ( There is no god but Allah“) and the tasbih (“May Allah be Glorified ). There are variations of these, for example subhaana rabbiyyal Adhiim – “Glorified be the Lord, the Most High . This fixed ritual of prayer is so rigid in Islam that there may be no departure from it and the pious Muslim will slavishly follow it day after day.

    Prayer is also like a gymnastic exercise and a mechanical act, together with total submission to God of course. Before going into the mosque the worshipper must perform an ablution, washing his face, hands and feet (or, in certain circumstances, a washing of the whole body known as ghusl), the ritual of which is set out in the Qur’an:

    “When you prepare for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands (and arms) to the elbows) rub your heads (with water), and (wash) your feet to the ankles. If you are in a state of ceremonial impurity, bathe your whole body”. Surah 5.7. Later in the same verse it is said that the worshipper may use sand or earth, a ritual known as tayammum, where water is not available, in a desert for example.

    In addition to the five daily prayers there are the tahajjud prayers, a late-night ritual practiced by Muhammad but not commanded by him, as well as tarawih prayers after the last prayer, salautal-isha, during the month of Ramadan. Furthermore on Fridays the great congregational prayer just after midday, the Juma prayer, replaces the midday prayer. In all of these the ritualistic performance of raka’at continues but, apart from these prescribed prayers, Muslims also have a more extemporaneous form of prayer, the dua. This takes the form either of set Arabic phrases or of personal devotions which may also be in Arabic or in the worshipper’s language.

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