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    Habil & Qabil – Sacrifices

    Adam Alayhis Salam (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), had two sons. The youngest who was Habil and the oldest which was Qabil, english equivalents being Abel & Cain. Adam Alayhis Salam also had a wife by the name of Hawwa (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon her), the english equivalent being Eve. His two daughters were called Iqlima and Labuda.

    Life on Earth was not too hard for the family of the prophet Adam Alayhis Salam, especially since the birth of his children. Now that the sons, Qabil and Habil, were adult they helped with the work. Qabil prepared the soil and grew the crops while Habil looked after the sheep. Qabil’s crops were thriving and Habil’s sheep were multiplying. This was the gift of Almighty Allah. It was Almighty Allah who made their lives easier. Adam and Hawwa’s sorrow when they first arrived on Earth had been lifted by Almighty Allah’s blessings. Adam was grateful to Almighty Allah and he prayed to Him many times a day.

    “Al-Hamdu Lillah, al Hamdu Lillah, al Hamdu Lillah….’, (“Praise be to Allah, Praise be to Allah, Praise be to Allah…”) Adam prayed before each meal, when he saw Qabil’s crops and Habil’s sheep, and whenever he smelled the fresh air in their pleasant valley.

    Adam and Hawwa realised their sons were now grown up, and so were the girls, Iqlima and Labuda.

    Almighty Allah ordered Adam to marry his children together : ” Qabil with Labuda and Habil with Iqlima ” Adam heard, and immediately he set about obeying Allah’s will.

    Qabil, Habil, Iqlima and Labuda sat before their father, waiting for him to speak.

    ‘ This is the command of Allah, Who has given us so many blessings ‘, Adam told them firmly.

    ‘ Qabil is now an adult ‘, he said, looking at his son. ‘And Habil is now an adult’, he continued, turning to Habil. ‘ And Iqlima and Labuda also adults. ‘ The two girls blushed at their father’s words.

    ‘ Allah has told me to marry Qabil to Labuda and Habil to Iqlima ‘, continued Adam.

    But at this point Qabil jumped up and protested. He wanted to marry Iqlima, who was beautiful, Labuda was not. Qabil refused to accept Almighty Allah’s command, so Adam came to a decision.

    ‘ This is what we’ll do. Qabil and Habil will both make a sacrifice to Allah, on that hill over there. If Qabil’s sacrifice is accepted by Allah, he will have the right to marry Iqlima, and if Habil’s sacrifice is accepted, then he will marry her.’

    Iblis (the devil) had been watching Qabil’s argument with his father. He came and whispered in Qabil’s ear.

    ‘ Iqlima is beautiful. Labuda is ugly. You must use whatever means you can to marry Iqlima .’

    Qabil was choosing his poorest wheat for sacrifice. ‘That’s right !’ said Iblis. ‘Why waste good wheat ? After all, you’ve slaved and laboured to grow it .’

    Qabil was mean and willingly listened to Iblis’s advice.

    So Qabil took his poorest wheat to the hill but Habil took his fattest and most prized sheep to be sacrificed. Adam prayed to Allah to accept the sacrifices of his sons.

    Suddenly, a white light poured down from heavens and took Habil’s sheep. Qabil’s wheat was left on the hillside. Habil gave thanks to Allah, but Qabil was furious and blamed Adam, ‘Father, Habil’s sacrifice was accepted because you prayed for him and you didn’t’s pray for me .’

    But Adam replied, ‘ Habil made a worthy sacrifice because he has a good heart, and Allah was pleased with his sacrifice. You gave bad wheat because you have a bad heart.’

    Qabil felt hatred for Habil in his heart.


    Qabil could not accept the result of the sacrifices. He became bad-tempered and paid no attention to his father or mother. He sat lost in his own thoughts, pitying himself. Iblis came to visit him again.

    ‘ Don’t give up so easily ! Iqlima is beautiful. You should do anything to win her. Kill Habil!’, hissed Iblis.

    Qabil’s heart leapt. Habil was his brother! But he was also the barrier to Qabil’s love for Iqlima.

    ‘ Kill him !’ insisted Iblis.

    Habil was kind-hearted and understood how his brother felt about Iqlima. But what could he do? Allah’s will had to be obeyed.

    ‘ Qabil, I know how you feel ‘, Habil began sympathetically. Qabil said nothing.

    ‘ But you must accept the result of the sacrifices as the will of Allah’, continued Habil. ‘You are my elder brother and I respect you, but Allah has shown us that Iqlima is not for you’. Qabil leaped up in anger.

    ‘ Iqlima’s mine, whatever you say’, he shouted. Habil was worried for Qabil’s sake.

    ‘ Qabil, you must pull yourself together. To oppose the will of Allah is unforgivable’.

    But Qabil would not listen to him and all the while Iblis was whispering in Qabil’s ear, ‘ Kill him!’ .

    Qabil reeled away from Habil. He could not sit still. He could not stand. He tried to close his eyes but could not. ‘ Kill! Kill!’ The words rang in his ears.

    He walked towards the hillside where Habil’s sheep were grazing peacefully.

    Iblis appeared beside him again.

    ‘ There are many ways to kill Habil’, said Iblis. He made a gesture, and a bird appeared in his hand.

    Iblis placed the bird’s head on a stone and smashed it with a rock.

    Qabil understood Iblis’s meaning. He raised his head and flexed his muscles.

    ‘ Hurry! Hurry up and do it!’ Iblis urged Qabil.

    Qabil found Habil sleeping on a rock. He lifted a stone, then replaced it. He lifted it again – and put it down again.

    ‘Habil is my brother’, said a small voice in Qabil’s heart.

    ‘Kill him!’ said his desire for Iqlima.

    ‘Don’t! ‘ said his heart.

    But Iblis told Qabil not to be afraid to kill Habil. Qabil lifted the stone. He shut his eyes. He brought the stone down on Habil’s head. Habil’s skull was crushed and his blood spattered on the rock.

    For the first time in history man lay murdered in the dust, and for the first time the Earth was stained with the blood of man. Iblis smiled and was gone.

    Qabil was afraid and didn’t’s know what to do. Black clouds covered the sun. A wind blew up. The leaves trembled. All nature seemed to be mourning Habil. The clouds, the wind, the leaves seemed to accuse him, ‘Qabil is a murderer! Qabil is a murderer!’.

    For days Qabil carried Habil’s body. But Allah is the God of Love and Mercy. He showed Qabil what to do by using a bird. The bird made a hole in the ground to look for food.

    ‘Of course! How stupid of me!’ thought Qabil, and he dug a grave and buried Habil’s body.

    Fear now gripped Qabil’s soul. Fear, and sorrow for what he had done, made him hide himself from man. He wanted to forget what he had done but his thoughts tormented him and the words, ‘Qabil is a murderer! Qabil is a murderer! rang in his ears.

    He had lost everything. He had lost his brother. He had angered his father, his mother and his family. He was shunned by Allah.

    Qabil fled to Adan, Yaman. He took Iqlima with him. There Iblis appeared to him again and persuaded him to worship fire. Qabil was the first criminal and the first man to deny Allah. He was the first man to turn back on the faith of Allah.

    Almighty Allah wanted Habil, the youngest son of Adam A.S., to take over after his father. But Qabil didn’t like this idea and was very jealous.

    To settle the argument Adam A.S. thought of an idea. He told his sons to think of a present to give to Almighty Allah and to leave it on top of a certain hill.

    The one whose present Almight Allah accepted, would win the argument.

    Almight Allah chose Habil’s present, because Habil had taken a lot of time and trouble to choose his present.

    Qabil was very upset and angry. He was so angry that he killed his own brother by being spurred by the evil whisperings of the Shaytaan (Devil). Afterwards, when he realised what he had done, he cried and cried but it was too late to be sorry.

    Taken from Chapter 5, Surah Maidah, Quranic Verses from 27 to 32:

    (O Muhammad Sal-allahu-alayhee-wasallam) recite to them (the Jews etc.) the story of the two sons of Adam [Hâbil (Abel) and Qâbil (Cain)] in truth;

    When each offered a sacrifice (to Allâh), it was accepted from the one but not from the other. The latter (Qabil) said to the former (due to jealousy): “I will surely kill you.”

    The former (Habil) said: “Verily, Allâh accepts only from those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious). If you do stretch your hand against me to kill me, I shall never stretch my hand against you to kill you, for I fear Allâh; the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinns, and all that exists).

    Verily, I intend to let you draw my sin on yourself as well as yours, then you will be one of the dwellers of the Fire, and that is the recompense of the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong¬doers).”

    So the Nafs (inner-self) of the other (Qabil) encouraged him and made fair¬seeming to him the murder of his brother; he murdered him and became one of the losers.

    Then Allâh sent a crow who scratched the ground to show him to hide the dead body of his brother. He (the murderer) said: “Woe to me! Am I not even able to be as this crow and to hide the dead body of my brother?” Then he became one of those who regretted.

    Because of that We ordained for the Children of Israel that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation of murder, or (and) to spread mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of all mankind