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  • plüton gezegeni ingilizce türkçe


    plüton gezegeni ingilizce türkçe
    Plato 1978 de keşfedilen Charon ile birlikte ikili bir gezegen sistemi oluşturur

    Plato 1978′ de keşfedilen Charon ile birlikte ikili bir gezegen sistemi oluşturur

    Plüton, Güneş sistemindeki dokuzuncu gezegendir. Güneş sistemindeki en küçük gezegen olduğu için ve dışmerkezli bir yörüngeye sahip olduğu için, bir gezegen olup olmadığı konusunda tartışmalar çıkmıştır. Ancak bu konudaki tek kabul gören otorite, Uluslararası Gökbilim Birliği (International Astronomical Union; IAU), Plüton’u gezegen olarak sınıflandırmıştır.

    Gezegen, Arizona Lowell Gözlemevi’nde astronom Clyde Tombaugh tarafından 18 Şubat 1930 tarihinde keşfedilmiştir. Tombaugh, Plüton’u Neptün’ün yörüngesindeki anormallikleri açıklayabilecek bir gök cismini ararken bulmuştur. Güneş sisteminin Sedna sayılmazsa en uzak gezegenidir. Büyüklüğü Ay’ın 1/6 sı kadardır. Yoğunluğu suyun 2 katıdır. Ekliptikle en fazla açıyı yapan gezegendir. Bu yüzden 1978-2000 yılları arasında Güneş’e Neptün’den daha yakın olmuştur. Uzun süre tek bilinen uydusu Charon olarak kaldı. 2005 yılında 2 küçük uydusu daha bulundu . Charon, Plüton’a, Ay’ın dünyaya yaptığı gibi hep aynı yüzünü gösterir.

    kaynak

    charon, pluto, pluton, plüton bilgileri, pluton resimleri

    DISCOVERING PLUTO

    Even with advanced telescopes, Pluto is still difficult to see. We didn’t even know that Pluto existed until the 1930’s. Astronomers studied the orbit of other planets in the area and noticed a little wobble. The wobble was big enough for astronomers to start looking for a source. Eventually Clyde Tombaugh found Pluto. In recent years, additional large bodies have been discovered just beyond Pluto’s orbit.

    For such a small object, there is a lot of debate about Pluto. Its size is one of the big reasons that astronomers stated that it is no longer considered a true planet. The International Astronomical Union (IAU) met in August 2006 and decided that Pluto would be classified as a dwarf planet. The change comes because of Pluto’s size and eccentric (strange) orbit. It passes in an out of the orbit of Neptune and doesn’t orbit in the same plane as the other planets. It’s a weird little object. Astronomers decided that this weird little object would no longer be a planet. Even though a small object, Pluto has its own satellite (moon) named Charon.

    DISTANT PLUTO

    If you say the distance from the Earth to the Sun is 1. Then the average distance from Pluto to the sun is 39.5. That is a really long way. When you are an object that far away from the Sun, you are missing some things. First, there will be very little light. Second, you will get very little energy from the Sun and your planet is going to be mighty cold. Scientists speculate that the average temperature on Pluto is 37 Kelvin. Ice freezes at 273 Kelvin. Brrrr.

    Pluto’s orbit is also special. It crosses Neptune’s orbit and is closer to the Sun for several years at a time. This more elliptical orbit has scientists wondering if it is really the largest object in the Kuiper Belt. The Kuiper Belt is the home of thousands of small objects that orbit the Sun beyond Pluto. The recent decisions by the IAU will term many round bodies to be called dwarf planets.

    EXPLORING PLUTO AND CHARON

    So is it a Jovian or terrestrial? Gas or rocky? Right now, it’s neither. If you had to force it, lean towards terrestrial. The Pluto’s diameter is only about 60% the diameter of the moon. It is so small that it is able to rotate once every six days. Even though small and incredibly cold, astronomers believe it has a very thin atmosphere of nitrogen. In January of 2006, the New Horizons mission launched to study Pluto and objects in the Kuiper Belt. The spacecraft should reach Pluto by 2015 and the Kuiper belt in 2016.

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